Heat Stress

When there is extreme heat it is extremely important to take certain precautions.

These precautions are:

Drink Plenty of Fluids. During heavy activity drink 4 to 6 glasses (16-32 ounces) of fluids each hour. If you are thirsty you are already dehydrated. Do not drink caffeinated products, or products that contain alcohol or large amounts of sugar as these actually make you lose body fluid.

Wear Appropriate Clothing and Sunscreen. Choose lightweight, light-colored, loose fitting clothing to keep cool. If you are outside wear a hat and apply sunscreen.

Schedule activities carefully. If you must be outdoors schedule your activities for early morning or evening when temperature are generally cooler.

Stay cool indoors. Stay in an air-conditioned place. If your home does not have air-conditioning go to a mall or the public library for several hours. Using electric fans in high temperatures will not prevent you from developing a heat related illness.

Certain people are at greater risk for a heat related illness so please watch:

1. Infants and children under 4.

2. Elderly persons.

3. Persons who are working outside.

4. Persons who have heart problems or high blood pressure.

5. Persons who take certain medications for depression, insomnia, or poor circulation.

Check on adults at least twice a day and monitor infants and children frequently.

To stay cool:

  • Avoid hot food and heavy meals -- they add heat to your body.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Dress your family and yourself in light, loose clothing.
  • Limit sun exposure.
  • Do not leave infants, children or pets in the car.
  • Provide plenty of water for your pets and make sure they are in a shady and cool area.

How to recognize heat related illnesses.

Warning Signs of Heat Exhaustion.

  • Heavy Sweating
  • Paleness
  • Muscle Cramps
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fainting

The skin may be cool and moist. The victim’s pulse rate will be weak and fast, and breathing will be fast and shallow, if untreated it may progress to heat stroke.

If the person has severe symptom or has heart problems or high blood pressure seek medical help immediately.

Otherwise, help the victim rest, cool off with a cool shower, bath or sponge bath, place the victim in an air condition environment and give sips of cool water to drink. (not cold as that will cause heat cramps).

Warning Signs of Heat Stroke

Heat stroke may cause death it is very important to get medical help immediately. Heat stroke occurs when a person’s body is unable to control its temperature. The person’s temperature rises quickly and may rise to 110 degrees of higher.

Signs of heat stroke may vary but may include:

  • High body temperature (103 or above)
  • Red, hot, dry skin
  • Rapid, strong pulse
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Unconsciousness

Heat Stroke is a Life threatening emergency call 911 immediately.

Cool the victim immediately with cool water apply to their body, monitor body temperature and continue cooling until body temperature drops to 101- 102. Do not give the victim liquids to drink. Get medical help immediately.

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