The mission of Drake Campus Security is to provide a safe and secure environment for students, faculty, staff and campus visitors. Drake Security strives to achieve this mission through a community friendly approach that enhances safety through the visibility of security personnel, preventive patrols, 24-hour accessibility, positive conflict resolution, and crime prevention and awareness programs. Drake Security collaborates with local law enforcement and community organizations in fulfilling its mission.
In addition to their role in keeping the campus community safe, Drake Security officers also are trained to assist in medical emergencies and have access to portable defibrillators for use in emergency situations.
Guidelines on Pursuit, Use of Force and Efforts to Detain
The authority to pursue, use force on, and detain individuals carries with it the need for accountability in order to respect the rights of members of the university community and preserve the integrity of the University. Therefore, the information contained herein provides guidance to security officers with respect to pursuit, use of force and efforts to detain individuals. These guidelines are intended to reflect Drake Security's commitment to a community-friendly approach to security services. In applying these guidelines it should be recognized that each situation is unique. Therefore, good judgment and common sense should form the fundamental basis for all decisions pertaining to pursuit, use of force and efforts to detain.
II. Purpose of Guidelines
These guidelines are not intended to be contractual in nature and they should not be construed as creating a legal duty, or a standard of safety or care. They are for internal use only and are not intended for use in any criminal or civil proceeding. Violations of these guidelines may form the basis for decisions internal to Drake University, but only violations of the law may form the basis for civil or criminal sanctions in a recognized court or administrative proceeding. The Director of Campus Security Services is primarily responsible for the implementation of these guidelines.
A. Public offense - That which is prohibited by statute and is punishable by fine or imprisonment.
See Iowa Code section 701.2
B. Felony - Those public offenses defined as such by law.
See Iowa Code section 701.7
A. A pursuit is an active attempt to catch an individual.
B. If an individual fails to obey an officer's visible or audible signal(s) to stop, and flees or otherwise attempts to elude apprehension, a Drake security officer may pursue the individual if one of the following situations exist:
1. A public offense has been committed or attempted in the officer's presence;
2. A felony has been committed and the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person being pursued committed it; or
3. The officer reasonably believes pursuit is necessary to prevent serious injury to the individual, the officer or other(s).
See Iowa Code sections 804.9-10
C. When initiating a pursuit, a Drake security officer should notify the Communications Center. The officer's supervisor should be notified as soon as circumstances allow.
D. Security personnel should weigh various factors when deciding to initiate, continue or cancel a pursuit. Some factors to consider are:
1. Does the offense warrant a pursuit?
2. What is the possibility of apprehension?
3. What are the weather conditions?
4. Is immediate assistance available?
5. Is the identity of the individual to be pursued known to the point that later apprehension is possible?
6.How familiar is the officer with the neighborhood when the pursuit is likely to extend beyond the campus?
7. What is the time of day and what are the lighting conditions?
8. What is the population density of the immediate area of the pursuit?
9. What are other environmental conditions? (Inside v. outside, vacant area or building v. occupied area or building)
10. Is the individual armed?
V. Use of Force
A. Use of force refers to those responses, set forth in section II.C. herein, which Drake security officers generally employ to address the events described in section II.B herein.
B. A Drake security officer should use only that force which the officer reasonably believes is necessary:
1. To detain an individual when a public offense has been committed or attempted in the officer's presence;
2. To detain an individual when a felony has been committed and the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person being detained has committed it; or
3. When the officer reasonably believes use of force is necessary to prevent serious injury to the individual, the officer or other(s).
See Iowa Code sections 804.9-10
C. Individual circumstances will govern the appropriate order, combination(s) and level(s) of force to be applied to any given situation. However, a security officer should only use that level of force which the officer reasonably believes is necessary under the circumstances. The following continuum generally describes the types of force employed by Drake security officers.
1. Physical presence of a Drake security officer in uniform
2. Assessment of situation, call for other security or police assistance if appropriate and notify Communications Center
3. Verbal persuasion
4. Verbal command
5. Soft hands
6. Hard hands used in a manner designed for greatest likelihood of compliance with least likelihood of injury
7. Pepper Spray
8. ASP baton
Under unique circumstances it may be necessary and appropriate to consider other methods or instruments force, but only when the officer reasonably believes they are necessary to protect the individual, the officer, or other(s) from injury or harm.
Disengagement is also an option which may be considered depending on the circumstances.
D. The following factors provide a framework for a Drake security officer's assessment of whether use of force is necessary and for determining the level(s) and order of force to apply to a given situation:
1. The nature and scope of the offense,
2. Whether the individual poses an immediate risk to self, the officer or other(s), if known,
3. The level of the individual's resistance,
4. Whether the individual is armed,
5. Whether the use of force would pose an unnecessary risk to the officer, or other(s),
6. Whether local law enforcement officials are present, on the way, or in the vicinity,
7. Whether the individual is identifiable or it is likely they can be identified or located.
VI. Efforts to Detain
A. To detain means to stop and hold an individual, when one of the events described in section III.B. presents itself, for the purpose of obtaining information through questioning the individual, issuing a citation, referring the individual to another authority or turning the individual over to law enforcement.
B. A Drake security officer may detain an individual when:
1. A public offense has been committed or attempted in the officer's presence;
2. A felony has been committed and the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person being detained has committed it, or
3. The officer reasonably believes detention is necessary to prevent serious injury to the individual, the officer or other(s).
See Iowa Code sections 804.9-10
C. In the event of a detention, the officer should utilize only that level of force the officer reasonably believes to be necessary, based on the continuum and factors articulated above in section II, "Use of Force", to make an arrest, sustain the detention, overcome resistance, or prevent injury to the individual, the officer or other(s). In addition, handcuffs may be used when the officer reasonably believes they are necessary to protect the individual, the officer, or other(s) from risk of injury or harm.
A. A Drake security officer shall immediately submit a written report to the Director of Security Services whenever there is a use of force beyond the use of soft hands on the use of force continuum. See attachment A for report form. (Attachment A is in development and will be posted as soon as available.)
B. The report shall contain:
1. Officer's name
2. Date and time of event
3. Location of event
4. Description of individual(s) involved in event
5. Names of University personnel responding to event
6. Description of all facts and circumstances surrounding event
7. The order, level(s) and justification for force used
8. Description of injury or alleged injury
9. Names of independent witnesses if available
Compliments, Comments and Complaints
Drake Security has a "Compliment, Comment and Complaint" mechanism available to individuals who wish to register a compliment, comment or complaint with respect to Drake Security. See attachment B for Compliment, Comment and Complaint form. (Attachment B is in development and will be posted as soon as available.) Compliments regarding an officer or the department will be acknowledged and noted internally. Comments will be acknowledged and evaluated in the context of security's departmental philosophy of continuous improvement. Complaints will be acknowledged and investigated in a timely manner under Security's investigation guidelines. A summary of complaints will be prepared and provided on an annual basis to the Vice President of Business and Finance and the President of the University.
A. An investigation into the conduct of a security officer, including the use of force, may be initiated at the request of the Director of Security Services or his superior(s). Such an investigation may be initiated as the result of an internal or external complaint or on the Director's or his superior's own initiative.
B. The Director of Security Services or his superior(s) will determine the nature and scope of the investigation.
C. Typically the investigation will be conducted by the Director of Security Services or his designee as an internal and confidential personnel matter. However, there shall also be a Security Review Board which at the discretion of the President of the University or the Director of Security Services may be requested to conduct investigations, make findings, and, if requested, a recommendation to the Director of Security Services or the President. The President may at his discretion appoint additional members to work with the standing Security Review Board on any given matter.
D. The Security Review Board shall comprise a faculty member, a student, a member of the administrative staff, a community member, a member of the Security staff, and a member of another law enforcement agency. Board members shall be appointed by the President of the University on an annual basis.
E. In the event of an investigation into the conduct of an officer, whether or not it is precipitated by a complaint, the officer may be placed on administrative leave with or without pay or reassigned to alternative duties pending the conclusion of the investigation.
F. At the conclusion of an investigation, appropriate employment-related action may be taken if deemed to be warranted by the Director of Security Services or his supervisor(s)
Closed Circuit Television Monitoring and Recording of Campus Areas for Safety and Security Purposes
The purpose of this policy is to regulate the use of closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras, (security cameras), to monitor and record campus areas for the purposes of safety and security. The use of security cameras is one tool used by Drake University Campus Security to fulfill its Departmental Mission Statement.
This policy applies to all CCTV monitoring conducted by Drake University Campus Security personnel. Uses of CCTV monitoring by other University departments, colleges or schools, if any, is not governed by this policy.
III. General Principles
A critical component of a comprehensive security plan using state-of-the-art technology is closed circuit television (CCTV). The Department of Campus Security is committed to enhancing the quality of life of the campus community by integrating the best practices of private campus safety with CCTV technology.
The purpose of CCTV monitoring of campus areas by campus security personnel is to deter crime and to assist the Campus Security Department in protecting the safety of persons and property on the University campus.
Personnel involved in CCTV monitoring will be trained and supervised in the responsible use of this technology. Violations of this policy will result in disciplinary action consistent with the rules and regulations governing employees of the University.
Information obtained through CCTV monitoring will be used exclusively for security, law enforcement, and official University business purposes.
CCTV monitoring of campus areas for security purposes will be conducted in a manner consistent with all existing University policies, including the Non-Discrimination Policy, the Sexual Harassment policy, Open Expression Guidelines, other relevant University policies and applicable Civil Rights laws. Therefore, CCTV monitoring will not be conducted based on a person’s race, gender, sexual orientation, national origin, disability or other protected characteristics.
To help maintain an informed University community, the Department of Campus Security will post this policy on its web site as well as location information for all CCTV monitoring locations.
Information obtained in violation of this policy may not be used in a University disciplinary proceeding against a member of the University faculty, staff or student body.
The Department of Campus Security shall oversee and coordinate the use of CCTV monitoring for safety and security purposes.
The Department of Campus Security will monitor new developments in the relevant law and in security industry practices to help ensure that its CCTV monitoring operations are consistent with accepted standards and practices.
Camera control operators will be trained in the technical, legal and ethical parameters of appropriate camera use. Camera control operators will receive a copy of this policy and provide written acknowledgement that they have read and understood its content.
V. Operation and Procedures
The master program/computer for the CCTV system will be locked in a separate limited access room away from the communications/dispatch area. Only the Director of Security and Administrative Assistant will be authorized to alter the master program and/or save video from the master program.
Recorded video media will be stored for a period not to exceed 30 days and will then be erased, unless retained as part of an investigation or court proceedings (criminal or civil), or for other official University business purposes, as determined by the Director of Security in consultation with the Vice President for Business and Finance.
Saved video media will be stored in the departmental electronic data fire proof safe which can be accessed only by the Director of Security and the Administrative Assistant. Saved video data will be coordinated with departmental case reports through normal evidence procedures and logs.
Camera control operators will conduct CCTV observation in open view of others at the Drake Campus Security office.
No cameras will be placed in locations of expected privacy, i.e., rest rooms, dressing rooms, athletic locker rooms, etc. Interior cameras may be placed in locations of high foot traffic, suspected criminal activity and/or high value equipment where personal and/or University property safety is a concern.
Camera control operators may monitor individuals based on suspicious behavior, but not based upon protected individual characteristics as set forth in University Policies and applicable Civil Rights laws.
Windows of Residence Halls and private living quarters on the University campus will not be monitored or viewed by CCTV. All other buildings and grounds on the campus, as well as parking lots, sidewalks, and campus grassy areas will be assumed “public” and may be viewed and monitored by CCTV.
Information obtained through CCTV monitoring may be released to persons or entities outside the University (such as law enforcement) only when compelled by lawful means, such as a subpoena, or when authorized by the Director of Security, in consultation with the Vice President of Business and Finance, and in accordance with this policy. CCTV video data will not be released to news or media sources without the additional approval of the Director of Marketing and Communications.
CCTV video may be viewed by University employees outside Campus Security on a “need to know” basis, as determined by the Director of Security, in consultation with the Vice President of Business and Finance.
Members of the campus community, individuals or small groups, may observe “live” CCTV monitoring operations at the Drake Security Communications Center by making an appointment with the Campus Security Department.
VI. CCTV not a Guarantee of Safety on Campus
No one should assume that the presence of a CCTV system on campus will guarantee safety for persons or property at all times. Rather, it is one more tool in Drake Campus Security’s continuing efforts to increase campus security and safety. Additional information may be found on the Campus Security website at: /security/
VII. Not a Contract
This policy is not intended by Drake University to form a contract between it and any person or entity. These procedures may be amended by authorized University officials at any time without prior notice.
NOTE: The university's Missing Student Policy is available here for download as a Word document. The document includes a student's designation of confidential contact form. For more information, contact the Dean of Students Office.
30 January 2007
Drake Public Safety,
Drake Public Safety,
- Des Moines police, fire, ambulance,
(These contacts are all relative to being dialed on campus)