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General Education Outcomes

Faculty developed general education outcomes that fall under Drake’s AOI system. This system is designed to provide students with a solid introduction to a variety of intellectual fields and a diversity of learning experiences.

Artistic Experience


  1. Identify the characteristics of different artistic styles - visual, musical, or theatrical - and the factors that contributed to their establishment.
  2. Articulate the role played by an art form - visual, musical, or theatrical - in the development of culture(s) or as a distinctive expression of human identity and creativity.
  3. Articulate an analytical and reasoned understanding of a specific visual, musical, or theatrical art form and communicate this understanding in an appropriate form, whether oral or written or through the artistic medium itself.
  4. Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of the visual, musical, or theatrical arts through the application of or engagement with an art form.

Critical Thinking


  1. Clearly define a question or problem.
  2. Gather information that is relevant to that problem.
  3. Rigorously identify assumptions and preconceptions, including their own, that influence analysis of that problem.

Engaged Citizen

1. Learn to evaluate the mix of diverse values and interests that influence democratic decision-making.

2. Establish skills, knowledge, or dispositions that lead them to be active stewards for the common good.

3. Critically reflect on the social, economic, or political issues that they will face as citizens.

4. Learn democratic practices or public engagement through participatory activities organized in the classroom and/or in the community

Historical Foundations


  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the interplay of the fundamental historical forces (political, social, economic, cultural, scientific, and/or technological) that have shaped the contemporary world.
  2. Describe the historical processes that have contributed significantly to global change.
  3. Articulate an understanding of the histories of societies and cultures necessary to participate in an analysis of critical civic and global issues.
  4. Demonstrate critical reasoning skills necessary to analyze the lived realities of power and wealth differentials between industrialized and developing areas of the world.
  5. Reflect upon the nature of history itself as a product influenced by a nexus of forces, interests, and understandings, and on their own place within that historical context.

Information Literacy

1. Navigate and integrate scholarly resources into their research and reflection.

2. Articulate the social and ethical implications of information use and misuse.

3. Evaluate information resources and identify quality resources relevant to the problem or issue investigated.

4. Select and employ the appropriate method and data for disciplinary research, problem-based learning, experiential-based research, and/or reflective/integrative coursework.

5. Articulate the basic implications of information use and misuse related to issues of academic honesty and plagiarism and pursue their educational goals with a high level of academic integrity.

Global and Cultural Understanding


  1. Interpret intercultural issues from diverse perspectives and reflect critically on the self and others to demonstrate an understanding of the complexity of cultural issues in local, national, and global contexts.
  2. Explore the elements that create diversity and explain their impact on the development of a culture or interaction between cultures in the context of complex systems of exclusion and privilege.
  3. Identify and analyze how institutions adjust in response to struggles among members of diverse societies and how they address their needs.
  4. Reflect on their own cultural biases and consider the skills, knowledge, collective efforts necessary to help foster inter-cultural communication, respect, and understanding.

Scientific Literacy


  1. Apply the methods of science for the generation, collection, assessment, and interpretation of scientific data and/or phenomena.
  2. Use scientific methods and ways of thinking to solve problems.
  3. Describe scientific theories on cognitive and behavioral, intellectual, or physical development.
  4. Articulate the interrelationship of the development of human societies with the natural world around them.
  5. Articulate the relevance of science to the global community in order to serve as active stewards for the natural environment.

Quantitative Literacy


  1. Analyze and present solutions to problems using symbols and components from mathematical languages and their underlying principles.
  2. Identify and execute appropriate mathematical operations for a given question.
  3. Evaluate claims based upon mathematical arguments.

Values and Ethics


  1. Recognize and reflect critically on ethical issues.
  2. Identify values that underlie human activities.
  3. Articulate ethical issues that arise in their professional or civic life.
  4. Articulate relevant ethical issues and apply them in developing solutions for critical problems and questions.
  5. Articulate a reasoned vision of their own values or core beliefs.

Written Communication


  1. Read with discrimination and understanding.
  2. Shape their writing according to subject, purpose, medium, context and intended audience.


To view the complete AOI list in one location, click here.


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